hog (pig) has existed for at least 45 million years as
a stocky, round bodied, flat snouted creature . They come
in all sizes from the small pygmy hog ( 1 foot tall at
the shoulder and 13 pounds) to the giant forest hog (40
inches at the shoulder and 300 pounds). Of course, domestic
hogs can be much heavier (record is over 2500 pounds).
Pigs or hogs are part of the order Artidactyla (even toed,
hoofed animals) and the family Suidae. The five genera
and nine species live on every continent except Antarctica.
Wild pigs roam forests, meadows, and swamps. They are
surefooted and rapid runners, good swimmers and fond of
mud baths. When cornered they will fight courageously
and will use their tusks as weapons. They are mainly active
at night and have an omnivorous diet of fungi, roots,
bulbs, tubers, fruit, snails, earthworms, reptiles, young
birds, eggs, small rodents and carrion.